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TCP/IP Ports Of SharePoint 2013

Have you ever wondered that why can’t the web server access the Databases?
For example in SharePoint 2010 we had the ‘Cannot connect to SQL Server – Event 3355‘, perhaps you need to know simply for the documentation you want to leave behind?

Wonder no more. Here’s a complete list of all the ports that are used. Most are configured by SharePoint but some needs to be manually configured and it all depends on how you have installed and configured your farm in the first Place.
List of ports used by SharePoint 2013 and its related services are listed in the table below.

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Protocol Port Usage Comment
TCP 80 http Client to SharePoint web server traffic
(SharePoint – Office Web Apps communication)
TCP 443 https/ssl Encrypted client to SharePoint web server traffic
(Encrypted SharePoint – Office Web Apps communication)
TCP 1433 SQL Server default communication port. May be configured to use custom port for increased security
UDP 1434 SQL Server default port used to establish connection May be configured to use custom port for increased security
TCP 445 SQL Server using named pipes When SQL Server is configured to listen for incoming client connections by using named pipes over a NetBIOS session, SQL Server communicates over TCP port 445
TCP 25 SMTP for e-mail integration Cannot be configured
TCP 16500-16519 Ports used by the search index component Intra-farm only
Inbound rule Added to Windows firewall by SharePoint
TCP 22233-22236 Ports required for the AppFabric Caching Service Distributed Cache…
TCP 808 Windows Communication Foundation communication WCF
TCP 32843 Communication between Web servers and service applications http (default) To use custom port, see references section
Inbound rule Added to Windows firewall by SharePoint
TCP 32844 Communication between Web servers and service applications https
Inbound rule Added to Windows firewall by SharePoint
TCP 32845 net.tcp binding: TCP 32845 (only if a third party has implemented this option for a service application)  Custom Service Applications
Inbound rule Added to Windows firewall by SharePoint
TCP 32846 Microsoft SharePoint Foundation User Code Service (for sandbox solutions)  Inbound on all Web Servers
Inbound rule Added to Windows firewall by SharePoint
Outbound on all Web and App servers with service enabled.
TCP 5725 User Profile Synchronization Service(FIM) Synchronizing profiles between SharePoint 2013 and Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) on the server that runs the Forefront Identity Management agent
TCP + UDP 389 User Profile Synchronization Service(FIM) LDAP Service
TCP + UDP 88 User Profile Synchronization Service(FIM) Kerberos
TCP + UDP 53 User Profile Synchronization Service(FIM) DNS
UDP 464 User Profile Service(FIM) Kerberos change password
TCP 809 Office Web Apps Intra-farm Office Web Apps communication.

Several features of SharePoint Server 2013 can be configured to access data that resides on server computers outside of the server farm. If you configure access to data that is located on external server computers, ensure that you enable communication between the appropriate computers. In most cases, the ports, protocols, and services that are used depend on the external resource. For example:

  • Connections to file shares use the File and Printer Sharing service.
  • Connections to external SQL Server databases use the default or customized ports for SQL Server communication.
  • Connections to Oracle databases typically use OLE DB.
  • Connections to Web services use both HTTP and HTTPS.

The following features can be configured to access data that resides on server computers outside the server farm.

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  1. Content crawling

You can configure crawl rules to crawl data that resides on external resources, including Web sites, file shares, Exchange public folders, and business data applications. When crawling external data sources, the crawl role communicates directly with these external resources.

  1. Business Data Connectivity connections

Web servers and application servers communicate directly with computers that are configured for Business Data Connectivity connections.

  1. Receiving Microsoft Office Excel workbooks

If workbooks opened in Excel Services Application connect to any external data sources (for example, Analysis Services and SQL Server), appropriate TCP ports need to be opened for connecting to these external data sources.

If Universal Naming Convention (UNC) paths are configured as trusted locations in Excel Services Application, the Excel Calculation Services application role uses the protocols and ports used by the File and Printer Sharing service to receive Office Excel workbooks over a UNC path.

Workbooks that are stored in content databases or that are uploaded or downloaded from sites by users are not affected by this communication.

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